Runway Incursion: koniecznie:)!

  • unauthorized – bez zezwolenia
  • obey the rules – przestrzegać zasad / przepisów
  • act according to the instructions – postępować zgodnie z zaleceniami / instrukcjami
  • advise the ATC – poinformować ATC

Runway Incursion- unauthorized  entry to the runway by the vehicle/ person/ object. This situation is dangerous for the aircraft which is taking off or landing. The reason of the runway incursion may be the driver who didn’t obey the rules, the error of the air traffic controller or the pilot who didn’t act according to the instruction. It may be also disorientation problems with the marking or the lighting. Sometimes the weather conditions like the fog may also play the part. If you ever enter the runway in an unauthorized manner, you should leave it immediately and advise the ATC on what happened.

Mussimy zwracać uwagę na drobne różnice, np.

  •  taxi towards… – zmierzaj w kierunku … i  taxi to…- dojedź do … 
  • active runway-  runway which is used for take-off and landings
  • runway holding position markings- places where aircraft must stop before it gets the information from the tower on the permission to cross

Please watch the video and write to me in 5 sentences what happened. Use Past Tense.

  • 0:12′ involve- wziąć udział/ być zamieszanym w … ale trudno z tym ułożyć zdanie, użyjcie: take part in …/ participate in …
  • 0:12′ intersecting runways- przecinające się pasy startowe
  • 1:35′ become distracted- rozkojarzyć się/ lose track of time- stracić poczucie czasu
  • 2:06′ focused on final preparations for takeoff- skoncentrowany na ostatnich przygotowaniach do startu
  • 2:37′ imminent danger- nadchodzące/ bliskie niebezpieczeństwo

WATCH THE FILM AND LEARN THE WORDS!

What happened?

THE RECORDING

What happened and who made a mistake? 

THE RECORDING

W czasie egzaminu próbnego, zadam Wam poniższe pytania:

  1. What should a pilot do to avoid the runway incursion?
  2. Why, in your opinion the message ‘go ahead’ when said by the air traffic controller may be inappropriate (nieodpowiednia)? The proper way to say is: ‘pass the message’.
  3. What does the message ‘hold short of runway 20’ mean?

Świetne nagranie:

THE RECORDING

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