fale, ocean

The Climate Changes. The Consequences for Aviation. Zadanie egzaminacyjne 3.

Beginners:

  • lengthen the runway- wydłużyć pas startowy

Many airports will have to lengthen their runways – Wiele lotnisk będzie musiało wydłużyć swoje pasy startowe.

Intermediate:

  • prevent (from) …- zapobiec …/ uniemożliwić …

Aviation industry is taking measures to prevent the delays – Branża lotnicza podejmuje wysiłki aby zapobiec opóźnieniom.

Advanced:

  • human-induced emissions- wywołane przez ludzi emisje/ zanieczyszczenia

There are many industries responsible for much higher human-induced emissions than aviation – Jest wiele branż odpowiedzialnych za znacznie wyższe poziomy zanieczyszczeń niż lotnictwo.

Full text:

  • prevent from … – zapobiec / uniemożliwić
  • result in … – spowodować / wywołać
  • pay damages – wypłacić odszkodowanie
  • it is commonly believed that …  – powszechnie uważa się, że …
  • occurrences – zdarzenia

This summer the heatwaves across the Unites States prevented hundreds of airplanes from taking off on time resulting in the financial losses experienced by the airlines and the damages which will have to be paid to the passengers. It is commonly believed that as the world’s temperatures continue to rise, such occurrences  will be more and more frequent.

  • remedy – lekarstwo
  • lengthen runways – wydłużać drogi startowe
  • reschedule take-offs – zmieniać plany startu
  • not-so-distant future – niedaleka przyszłość
  • human-induced emissions – wywołane / spowodowane przez ludzi emisje / zanieczyszczenia

Of course, the airlines and aircraft producers are already trying to find the remedy: increasing the engine performance, lengthening the runways and rescheduling the take-offs for the cooler parts of the day. The pessimists however, point to the variety of other factors that the industry will have to combat in the not-so-distant future: severe turbulences and even the flooding of the runways due to the rising sea levels. The aviation industry is known to take pro-ecology measures and right now is responsible for only 2% of the human-induced emissions 

WATCH HERE: The risk of severe turbulence rises due to the climate change.

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